Sriram Kaliamoorthy1, Ambiga Pazhani2, Mahendirakumar Nagarajan3, Alagappan Meyyappan4, Sreeram Rayar5, Semmia Mathivanan4
1Department of Dentistry, Vinayaka Missions Medical College and Hospital, Karaikal, Puducherry, India.
2Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Vivekananda Dental College and Hospital, Tiruchegode, India.
3Department of Prosthodontics, Raja Muthiah Dental College and Hospital, Chidambaram, India.
4Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute, Chettinad Health City, Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu, India.
5Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute, Chettinad Health City, Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu, India.
Background: Oil pulling, pulling oil, or oil swishing is an ancient healing practice and was first developed in ayurvedic medicine. Coconut and sesame oil are regular constituents in Indian food and are easily available. They also economically cheaper compared to others such as avocado, black cumin seed, canola, cedar nut, and olive oil and have been shown to have numerous health benefits. Aim: The aim of this study is to compare the effect of oil pulling utilizing coconut and sesame oil in patients with plaque-induced gingivitis. Materials and Methods: The study participants were divided into three group, namely, Group A – 20 individuals with plaque-induced mild-to-moderate gingivitis used coconut oil for oil pulling, Group B – 20 individuals with plaque-induced mild-to-moderate gingivitis used sesame oil for oil pulling, and Group C – 20 individuals with plaque-induced gingivitis who were advised to practice routine toothbrushing alone. Modified gingival index (GI) score for each group was assessed using modified GI at preintervention stage and postintervention stage at the 7th, 15th, and 21st day. Results: Significant reduction in the severity of gingivitis was seen in Group A and Group B at the 7th, 14th, and 21st day. Reduction was more significant in Group A compared to Group B and Group C. Group C showed mild reduction in mean GI score. Conclusion: Oil pulling is an effective oral hygiene practice along with routine oral hygiene practice. Coconut oil is very effective compared to sesame oil in the reduction of severity of gingivitis.
Keywords: Coconut oil, Gingivitis, Oil pulling, Sesame oil.