Mozhgan Firouzbakht1, Azadeh Kiapour2, Shabnam Omidvar3
1Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran.
2Department of Basic Science, Babol Branch, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran.
3Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Babol Medical Sciences University, Babol, Iran.
Background: Post-partum hemorrhage (PPH) is a common cause of maternal mortality in developing countries. This trial was conducted to study the effectiveness and safety of rectal misoprostol for PPH. Aim: To assess the effectiveness and safety of misoprostol and comparing with oxytocin for prevention of PPH. Materials and Methods: Women were randomized to receive either two 200 μg rectal misoprostol tablets (study group) or 20 units oxytocin in 1000 cc normal saline intravenously (control group). The outcomes were incidence of PPH, amount of blood loss, duration of labor, incidence of side effects, pre- and post-delivery hemoglobin, and use of additional uterotonics. Finding: The incidence of PPH was 12% in the study group and 10% in the control group ( P > 0.05). No significant difference was observed between the groups hematocrit ( P > 0.05). Other variables including severe PPH and duration of the third stage of labor were similar in both groups. Conclusion: Rectal misoprostol was as effective as intravenous oxytocin for preventing post-partum hemorrhage with the same incidence of side effects and is recommended to be use as an uterotonic agent to manage third stage of labor routinely.
Keywords: Active management, misoprostol, oxytocin, post-partum hemorrhage, third stage.