Annang Giri Moelyo, Muhammad Riza, Fadhilah Tia Nur, Hari Wahyu Nugroho, Sri Martuti, Dwi Hidayah, Endang Dewi Lestari, Harsono Salimo
Department of Pediatric, Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia.
Background: The learning environment plays an important role in resident education, and the Postgraduate Hospital Educational Environment Measure (PHEEM) questionnaire is a tool to assess the student’s perception of the learning environment. The aim of this study was to assess the perceptions of the learning environment in 2012 and 2017 on the pediatric residency program at Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia.
Methods: A modified PHEEM questionnaire was distributed in April 2012 and September 2017 to all ongoing pediatric residents. The learning environments (sex, grade, perceptions of autonomy, teaching, and social support) in 2012 and 2017 were analyzed by Mann–Whitney test and Kruskal–Wallis test.
Results: There were 32 and 49 participants in 2012 and 2017, respectively. The overall PHEEM score (mean ± standard deviation) was 105.3 ± 19.1 in 2012 and 116.4 ± 12.1 in 2017. The mean scores for perceptions of autonomy, teaching, and social support were 36.3 ± 6.6, 41.0 ± 7.7, and 27.9 ± 5.7, respectively, in 2012, and 41.0 ± 4.7, 44.7 ± 4.4, and 30.7 ± 3.9, respectively, in 2017. In 2012, 21%, 27%, and 18% of items on perceptions of autonomy, teaching, and social support, respectively, rated >3; in 2017, these values were 35%, 53%, and 36%.
Conclusion: The perceptions of the learning environment for the pediatric residency program at Dr. Moewardi Hospital Surakarta in 2012 and 2017 were rated more positively, but there remains room for improvement. In 2017, there were more perceived difficulties with autonomy and social support.
Keywords: Learning environment, pediatric residency, postgraduate hospital educational environment measure.