Kirti Sharma1, Joshil Kumar Behera1, Sushma Sood1, Rajesh Rajput2, Satpal1, Prashant Praveen1
1 Department of Physiology, P.G.I.M.S, Rohtak, Haryana, India
2 Department of Medicine, P.G.I.M.S, Rohtak, Haryana, India
Introduction: Hypothyroidism is associated with significant neurocognitive deficits because hypothyroidism prevents the brain from adequately sustaining the energy consuming processes needed for neurotransmission, memory, and other higher brain functions. Hence, the study was done to assess the cognitive functions of newly diagnosed subclinical and clinical hypothyroid patients by evoked response potential P300. Materials and Methods: 75 patients each of newly diagnosed subclinical and clinical hypothyroid patients attending endocrinology clinic and 75 healthy age and sex matched euthyroid controls were considered for the study. P300 was recorded with Record Medicare System Polyrite, Chandigarh using auditory “oddball paradigm”. The data was analyzed using ANOVA followed by post Tukey’s test. Results: Newly diagnosed clinical hypothyroid patients showed a significant increase in P300 latency compared to control (P < 0.05) and subclinical cases (P < 0.01) while there was no significant difference between the P300 latency of subclinical cases and control group. Also, there was no significant difference in P300 amplitude among the three groups. Conclusion: P300 latency in case of newly diagnosed hypothyroid clinical cases is significantly increased compared to newly diagnosed subclinical cases and control.
Keywords: Cognition, event related potentials, hypothyroidism, P300