Shabnam Omidvar1, Khyrunnisa Begum2
1Department of Food Science and Nutrition and Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery Department in Babol University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
2Food Science and Nutrition Department, University of Mysore, Mysore, India.
Background: Menstruation is a phenomenon unique to females and nearly universal experience in women’s lives and is poorly understood. This study has been done to assess menstrual pattern and associated factors. Materials and Methods: A total of 194 girl students aged 18 to 27 years were selected and asked to complete a questionnaire anonymously. Data regarding demographic features, menarche age, menstrual pattern, severity of dysmenorrhea and associated symptoms, and impact of menstrual pain on working ability were obtained. Source for information about menarche and menstruation the participants depend was also elicited. Results: Mean age of the subjects at menarche was 13.36 ± 1.25 years with a range being 10 to 17 years. Mean duration of menstrual flow was 4.77 ± 1.06 days. The most prevalent menstrual symptoms were tiredness (47.9%), backache (38.3%), and anger (34.5%). Prevalence of menstrual irregularity and dysmenorrhea was 11.9 and 78.2%. 6.7% of the participants had severe dysmenorrhea. 76.6% of the dysmenorrheic girls reported that their working ability was affected. 60.4% of the girls were aware of menstruation prior to menarche. Mothers and friends were the main sources of information (47.8%). Conclusion: In conclusion, it can be mentioned that prevalence of dysmenorrhea and menstrual irregularity among young females is high. Working ability is reported to be affected by menstrual pain. It could be possible to improve menstrual discomforts management by including awareness programs.
Keywords: Flow, menarche, menstrual pain, menstrual symptoms.