Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, School of Dental Sciences, Sharda University, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Biology has become the new “physics” of mathematics, one of the areas of greatest mathematical applications. In turn, mathematics has provided powerful tools and metaphors to approach the astonishing complexity of biological systems. This has allowed the development of sound theoretical frameworks. Here, in this review article, some of the most significant contributions of mathematics to biology, ranging from population genetics, to developmental biology, and to networks of species interactions are summarized.
Keywords: Complex networks, community structure, population dynamics, population genetics, theoretical biology.