Rajnish Kumar1, Anju Sharma2, Ashok Kumar Pattnaik3, Pritish Kumar Varadwaj2
1Department of Biotechnology, Amity University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.
2Department of Bioinformatics, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.
3Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India.
In recent years, there has been a tremendous increase in the understanding of stem cell biology. Stem cells have clonogenic and self-renewing capabilities, and under certain conditions, can differentiate into multiple lineages of mature cells. Recent studies have shown that adult stem cells can be isolated from a wide variety of tissues, including bone marrow, peripheral blood, muscle, and adipose tissue. The potential clinical applications lead to an extended interest in the use of stem cells in many medical disciplines. In this article, we present an overview of stem cells with special reference to cardiovascular and renal diseases treatments by stem cells.
Keywords: Cardiovascular disease, renal disease, stem cells.