Shabnam Omidvar1, Maryam T Niaki2, Fatemeh Nasiri Amiri1, Farzan Kheyrkhah3
1Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Babol Medical Sciences University, Iran
2Department of Nursing and Midwifery Sari Branch of Azad University, Iran
3Department of Psychology, Babol Medical Sciences University, Iran
Background: Sexual disorders among diabetic men have been proved in different studies but sexual dysfunction of diabetic women has received attention only recently. Neuropathy, vascular impairment, and psychological complaints have been implicated in the pathogenesis of decreased libido, low arousability, decreased vaginal lubrication, orgasmic dysfunction, and dyspareunia among diabetic women. Aim: The aim of this research was to study the prevalence of sexual dysfunction in different areas among diabetic women. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 500 women who were recruited from a diabetes center, based on questionnaires completed by them. Data regarding demographic features, physical complications, and sexual disorders were obtained. Medical records of patients were used to obtain body mass index (BMI) and details of complications. Results: Mean age of participants, duration of diabetes, and BMI was 48.8 ± 0.4, 8.9 ± 0.32 years, and 28.9 ± 0.23, respectively. Prevalence of sexual dysfunction was 32.3%. Low sexual desire was seen in 81.8%, disorders of arousal in 78.3%, of orgasm in 47.5%, and 35.1% had disorder in resolution area. There was no significant relationship between some factors such as age, duration of diabetes, BMI, and frequency of sexual dysfunction. Frequency of diabetic complications demonstrated a significant effect on the prevalence of sexual dysfunction. Conclusion: Sexual problems are frequent among diabetic women and deserve more attention in clinical practice and researches.
Keywords: Diabetes, diabetes complications, libido, sexual dysfunction, women.