Tarun Nanda1, Sanjeev Jain2, Harjit Kaur2, Daljit Kapoor3, Sonia Nanda4, Rohit Jain5
1 Department of Periodontology, Post Graduate Institute of Dental Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India
2 Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, Guru Nanak Dev Dental College and Research Institute, Sunam, Punjab, India
3 Department of Periodontology, Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital, Rajpura, Punjab, India
4 Department of Prosthodontics, Post Graduate Institute of Dental Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India
5 Department of Periodontology, Desh Bhagat Dental College and Hospital, Muktsar Sahib, Punjab, India
Objective: Root surfaces of periodontitis-affected teeth are hypermineralized and contaminated with cytotoxic and other biologically active substances. To achieve complete decontamination of the tooth surfaces, various methods including root conditioning following scaling and root planning are present. The main objective of this article is to throw light on the different root conditioning agents used and the goals accomplished by root conditioning in the field of periodontology. Materials and Methods: 20 human maxillary anterior teeth indicated for extraction due to chronic periodontitis were collected and root planned. The teeth were sectioned and specimens were divided into two groups – Group I and II. Group I dentin specimens were treated with EDTA and group II specimens were treated with tetracycline HCl solution at concentration of 10% by active burnishing technique for 3 minutes. The root surface samples were then examined by scanning electron microscope (SEM). Results: The results of the study showed that EDTA and tetracycline HCl were equally effective in removing the smear layer. It was observed that the total and patent dentinal tubules were more in number in teeth treated with tetracycline as compared to EDTA group. However, EDTA was found to be much more effective as root conditioning agent because it enlarged the diameter of dentinal tubules more than that of tetracycline HCl. Conclusion: Results of in-vitro study showed that both the agents are good root conditioning agents if applied in addition to periodontal therapy. However, further studies are required to establish the in-vivo importance of EDTA and tetracycline HCL as root conditioners.
Keywords: Ethylene diaminetetraacetic acid, root conditioning, scanning electron microscopy, tetracycline hydrochloride