K Sailaja1, VR Rao2, Satish Yadav3, R Rajasekhar Reddy3, D Surekha1, D Nageswara Rao1, D Arundhati Bag1, Sarita Rawat1, Nirdosh Kumar Pant2, Narayan Singh Jyala3, Abhishek Singh2, Kailash Chandra Pandey2
1Institute of Allied Health (Paramedical) Services, Education and Training, Haldwani, Uttarakhand, India.
2Swami Ram Cancer Hospital and Research Center, Govt. Medical College, Haldwani, Uttarakhand, India.
3Department of Biochemistry, Govt. Medical College, Haldwani, Uttarakhand, India.
A survey was conducted to determine the cancer profile in Nainital and adjoining districts of Uttarakhand. Epidemiological information was collected from the records of patients with confirmed cancer cases. A total of 354 cases were studied for the year 2010. Lung cancer was found to be leading cancer type (17.23%) overall. Breast cancer was most prevalent in females (22.29%) followed by cervical (14.86%) and ovarian cancers (13.51%). Men were mainly suffering from tobacco- and alcohol-related cancers, e.g., lungs (26.21%), larynx (11.16%), oropharynx (9.7%), oral cavity (6.79%), and esophagus (6.79%). Cancers of unknown primary site (1.41%) were also detected.
Keywords: Breast cancer, Kumaun region, lung cancer, tobacco, alcohol.